Indian elephant (Elephas maximus indicus) is one of three recognized subspecies of the Asian elephant, and native mainland Asia. Since 1986, Elephas maximus has been listed as endangered by IUCN as the population has declined at least 50% over the last three generations, estimated at 60-75 years. This species is so threatened by habitat loss, degradation and fragmentation.
In general, Asian elephants are smaller than African elephants and have the highest body point on the head. Tip of their trunk has one finger-like process. Their back is convex or level.
Indian elephants reach shoulder height between 2 and 3.5 m (6.6 and 11.5 ft), weigh between 2,000 and 5,000 kg (4,400 and 11,000 lb), and has 19 pairs of ribs. Their color is lighter than maximus with smaller patches of depigmentasi, but darker than sumatranus. Females are usually smaller than males, and have short fangs or not.
The largest Indian elephant is 3.43 meters (11.3 feet) tall at the shoulder. In 1985, two large elephant cows that I see for the first time in Bardia National Park, and named Raja Gaj and Kanchha. They explore the park together and do the occasional visits to the females. Raja Gaj stood 11.3 ft (3.4 m) high at the shoulder and has a great weight. His performance was compared with a monster because of high bi-domed shaped head. Eyebrows and a more prominent dome of the Asian male elephant.
Indian elephants have smaller ears, but relatively broader skulls and larger than the African elephant trunk. Toes large and spacious. Unlike their African cousins, their abdomen is proportionate with their weight, but African elephants have a big belly compared to the skull.