Saturday, July 21, 2012

Scorpion The Exotic Animal

Scorpion Information

There are about 2000 different species of scorpions. They are found in most parts of the south of 49 ° LU except Antarctica and New Zeeland. They can accept a variety of hot desert temperatures from well below zero. Several genera of scorpions (ex Euscorpius, bothriurid,) can survive-25C. All species of predatory arthropods know, not insects, and have eight legs. All species of scorpions are fluorescent and light under UV light.

Active scorpions at night and spent most of the day hiding in holes underground cold or under stones and destroying trees. They avoid light whenever they can. They go out at night to hunt insects, small arthropods and small reptiles. They hunt with their catch their pray with the clip called chelae. Several species of prey destroyed while other varieties of the more poisonous neurotoxin inject their prey with poison delivered by wasps at the end of the tail. Poison will kill or paralyze prey to a scorpion can eat it. They can only be like the spider that only liquid food.

Natural predators include birds of a scorpion, braid, lizards, rats, possums and rats.

Scorpion has a body divided into two segments of the cephalothorax (also called the prosoma) and abdomen (opisthosoma).

Cephalothorax is also called the prosoma. A more common name for the cephalothorax is the mere utterance of the scorpion's head. This is the part that contains the carapace, eyes, chelicerae (mouth parts), pedipalpus (claw) and four pairs of walking legs.

The opisthosoma or abdomen consists of two distinct parts, mesosoma and metasoma (tail scorpion). Mesosoma is the front of the stomach and consists of six segments. The first segment of the mesosoma, the front half of the stomach, consisting of six segments. The first two segments are the segments most important to mention my first segment contains the sexual organs and a pair of vestigial and modified complementary structure called genital operculum. The second segment bears a pair of sensory organs known as pectines fur; four end segments each containing a pair of book lungs. All segments are armored.

Metasoma, better known as the tail also contains six segments. The last of which contains a scorpion sting (telson) and the anus of a scorpion. The teslon / stinger contains poison glands contained in the vesicles and the stinger itself, aculeus injection.

Scorpion Taxonomy

Scropions is a member of the order Scorpiones in the class arachnida.

o infraorder Orthosterni
+ Parvorder Pseudochactida
# Superfamily Pseudochactoidea
* Family Pseudochactidae
+ Parvorder Buthida
# Superfamily Buthoidea
* Family Buthidae
* Family Microcharmidae Lourenco,
+ Parvorder Chaerilida
# Superfamily Chaeriloidea
* Family Chaerilidae
+ Parvorder Iurida
# Superfamily Chactoidea
* Family Chactidae
o subfamily Chactinae
+ Quarter Chactini
+ Quarter Nullibrotheini
o subfamily Brotheinae
+ Quarter Belisariini
+ Quarter Brotheini
# Subtribe Brotheina
# Subtribe Neochactina
o subfamily Uroctoninae
* Family Euscorpiidae
o subfamily Euscorpiinae
o subfamily Megacorminae
+ Quarter Chactopsini
+ Quarter Megacormini
o subfamily Scorpiopinae
+ Quarter Scorpiopini
+ Quarter Troglocormini
* Family Superstitioniidae
o subfamily Superstitioniinae
o subfamily Typlochactinae
* Family Vaejovidae
# Superfamily Iuroidea
* Family Iuridae
* Family Caraboctonidae
o subfamily Caraboctoninae
o subfamily Hadrurinae
# Superfamily Scorpionoidea
* Family Bothriuridae
o subfamily Bothriurinae
o subfamily Lisposominae
* Family Diplocentridae
* Family Scorpionidae Latreille,
o subfamily Diplocentrinae
+ Quarter Diplocentrini
# Quarter Nebini
o subfamily Scorpioninae
o subfamily Urodacinae
* Family Hemiscorpiidae
o subfamily Hemiscorpiinae
o subfamily Heteroscorpioninae
o subfamily Hormurinae

Scorpion Treatment

The first thing to consider is that the former should be covered with evidence of good and escape while still allowing enough air into it.

Scorpion is not too difficult to keep but that does not mean that all species suitable for beginners. Beginner should choose gentle, not so easily treated poisonous species such as emperor scorpions. They maintain a small territory in the wild and therefore can be stored in relatively small containers. A small scorpion (max 1 inch/3m) can be stored in tanks of 8 inches / 20 cm square. Require large scorpion tank 16x16 inches / 40x40cm. Scorpions best kept alone. If you keep some holding scorpion in the same container you will risk losing some even cannibalism is rare with common species such as Centruroides spp and Heterometrus spp .. Platform takes more community forums scorpions.

Containers should be decorated to mimic the natural habitats of scorpions and give things a scorpion may hide under during the day. Containers holding should not be placed in direct sunlight and keep the right temperature. Desert scorpion species prefers a temperature of about 20-35 ˚ C, tropical scorpions prefer to 20-30 ˚ C. Scorpions that live in temperate areas are kept in the cold tank. Make sure that the lighting in the scorpion tank does not produce heat for a lot of heat can have negative effects on the health of your scorpions and even kill them

UV rays can be used to illuminate the tank at night to illuminate their fluorescent properties. UV rays seem to have no ill effects of the scorpion, but it can cause cancer in humans, which is something to consider before deciding to UV illumination U.S.,

One of the most controversial topics scorpion substrate treatment to use. Different substrates suggested by different caregivers. Some commonly used substrates including fine aquarium sand, vermiculite (may contain parasites), potting soil and other substrates each has advantages and disadvantages.

Scorpion Feeding

Various species of scorpion hunt in different ways. Some species ambush hunters, while other species are more active hunters that stalk their prey. Some species use both methods. Large species of scorpions can be fed cricket and mealworm adult large, the smaller the scorpion the best fed small cricket and baby scorpions can be fed Pinheads. The most important thing to remember is to adjust the size of food after the size of a scorpion. They can be fed most of the food that is less than the scorpion, including rats and lizards.

Several species of scorpions are slower can have a hard time catching their food and thus can be good for cricket but in the fridge for a few seconds before using them as food. (Long enough to slow them not to kill them) Another option is to eliminate a few feet away from cricket. Some dead scorpions receive food.

Scorpions can be given only cricket diet without showing the effects on their health awkward.

Scorpion juveniles should be fed 4 times a week. Adult scorpions can be fed less frequently, and once or twice a week is enough. They can be fed every second day but at night is usually best.
Scorpion pregnancy and stress are not always eating .. if you do not eat scorpions, you need to check that everything is ok in the tank and if you should give the scorpion a few times to see what is coming around and began to eat more) or who had young)
Scorpions, you should always have access to water

Scorpion Breeding

Most of the scorpion species reproduce through sexual reproduction, but there are some species that grow to partenogenesis (unfertilized eggs develop into enbryos life) this species began to reproduce by partenogenesis after they reach maturity and continue until the rest of their life.

Sexual reproduction occurs after a courtship between men and women. Courtship begins with the male female pedipalpus catch yourself. They then do the mating dance is sometimes called the "promenade à deux". This dance is not dance but the man uses to guide women to the place where he can deposit his spermatophore. Courtship in some species involve other moments. After the man has chosen a convenient place to deposit it desposit spermatophore and female guide on it so it can enter his genetelia. This leads to the release of sperm and fertilize the female sparmatophore. Mating process can be a story of more than 24 hours before the finish. If mating is required for long female may loose interest and stop the wedding. After the wedding is really the man quickly retreated from the area (perhaps to avoid eating) that sexual cannibalism may arise between a scorpion though rarely.

Sexing Scorpions

Difficult to give general rules when it comes to sexing scorpion. Different genera can be sexed with a different sexual dimorfisme. Many species of scorpions, but more easily sexed according to the external sexual dimorfisme.

Scorpion Health

Scorpion is the most powerful beings they exposed their molting period. (Scorpion fall to grow) Many dead scorpion when this process go wrong. It is also when the scorpions are most likely to attract diseases such as parasites and infections. During this time you eat normal food you eat scorpions such as worms and cricket are trying to eat a scorpion. The key to success is high molting not place excessive moisture. To parasites and infection risk can be minimized by adequate sanitation. Avoid overeating during the molting period. All the food is not quickly taken to be eliminated.

The most common health problems in scorpions is mites as possible. They usually are not dangerous but can make a scorpion looks less attractive. They are usually brought to the terrarium with the contaminated substrate (esp vermiculite), decoration (log off) and wild caught food. They are difficult to fight and take the time to get rid of them. You have to deal with the scorpion to remove it to be done manually by hand carefully. It is easy to lose in the process of scorpions. They can be eliminated by using low concentrations of alcohol on the cotton bud but it may hurt the scorpion. A better solution is to purchase predatory mites are parasitic mites preying and not attached to a scorpion. They can easily be removed after they took parasitic mites.
It is better to prevent disease by keeping the tank clean of cure.

Scorpion Facts

Scorpion Facts 1
The most northern population of the world scorpion found in the Isle of Sheppey in England in which Euscorpius flavicaudis available. This population was introduced to the area in the 1860s.

Scorpion Facts 2
While there are more than 2000 species of scorpion is only about 5% of them (about 100 species) have a sting dangerous for humans.

Scorpion Facts 3
Scorpion species difficult to identify and all unknown scorpion because it should be considered dangerous and handled with caution.

Scorpion Facts 4
Emperor scorpion, Pandinus imperator, is most suitable starter scorpion.

Scorpion Lifespan

This plant is resistant to provide general information about the age of scorpions as different species have very different life span. Several species of scorpions have four years of age and other species that are believed to live 30 years or maybe even more.

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