Two different species commonly known as Panda Bear - Ailuropoda melanoleuca and Ailurus fulgens.
The Giant Panda
Scientific name for giant pandas - Ailuropoda melanoleuca - translate "black and white cat's paw". Panda name is derived from the Himalayas, Nepal may, but in the west panda term used to refer only to the red panda (Ailurus fulgens). Giant panda bear but the bear called piebald or party-colored bear, until the beginning of the 20th century. Chinese name for giant pandas, Dàxióngmāo, translate "beer bear cat". In several regions, including Taiwan, giant pandas are not mentioned Māoxióng, meaning "bear cat".
Accurate scientific classification of giant pandas has been a lot of debate, but according to recent DNA testing is the giant panda bear family Ursidae. Previously, the giant panda bear is considered by some to be more closely related to the weasel family Procyonidae. Different pandas the other members of the Ursidae family in some way. Where other bears have round eyes, a giant panda bear has a vertical slit that gives a cat like appearance. These students were given the names of the giant pandas as "cat bear beer" and "bear cat" in the original region. Closest relative the giant panda is a bear of South America berkacamata (Tremarctos ornatus).
There are two subspecies of giant panda: Ailuropoda melanoleuca Ailuropoda melanoleuca melanoleuca and qinlingensis. Ailuropoda melanoleuca melanoleuca mainly found in the Sichuan and features a special panda with a different color contrast of white and black colors. Ailuropoda melanoleuca qinlingensis but will display a pattern of dark brown and light brown coat. This will also differ from other subspecies of pandas have smaller skulls and larger molars. Ailuropoda melanoleuca qinlingensis are endemic Qinling Mountains in Shaanxi province and living at an altitude of 1300-3000 meters.
Ailurus fulgens, also known as the red panda, panda and hǔo lower hu. Hǔo hu Chinese name translates "fox fire", and can be used for both the red panda and the red fox. Red panda Xiong mao xiǎo also called on China, which means "little panda." There are two subspecies of red panda: Ailurus fulgens fulgens and Ailurus fulgens styani. Ailurus fulgens fulgens can be found in China, Myanmar and Nepal. These differ from Ailurus fulgens with a slightly smaller and has a fur lither face. Ailurus fulgens styani Burmese found in northern and some parts of China and can be identified by different signs of the face.
Accurate scientific classification of red panda has many debated. Recent DNA tests showed that the red panda is a distant relative of the weasel family Mustelidae, the family Mephitidae the skunk, and raccoon in Procyonidae family. Previously, the red panda is considered a family member Procyonidae raccoon, but today most of the members have agreed to put them in their own families - Ailuridae, in the superfamily Mustelidae. Other members, however, claimed that the red panda must be placed in the bear family Ursidae.