Thursday, January 10, 2013

The African Elephant

African elephant is an elephant of the genus Loxodonta (Greek for 'oblique-sided tooth'), which consists of two extant species: African bush elephant and the African forest elephant is smaller. Loxodonta is one of the two existing genera in Elephantidae family. Although generally believed that the genus was named by Georges Cuvier in 1825, Cuvier spell "Loxodonte". An anonymous writer diromanisasi spelling for "Loxodonta," and the International Code of Zoological nomenclature (ICZN) recognizes this as the right authority.

African elephants are the largest living terrestrial animal. Stocky body focused on stumpy legs, and has a concave back. Large ears allow heat loss. Upper lip and nose forming rod. The stem acts as a fifth limb, amplifier and an important method of contact. African elephant's trunk ends in two lips to the contrary, while the Asian elephant's trunk ends in a single lip. African bush elephant is larger than Asian elephants. Men stand 3.2 to 4.0 m (10-13 ft) high at the shoulder and weigh from 4.700 to 6.048 kg (10.360 to 13.330 lb), while females stand 2.2 to 2.6 m (7-9 ft) high and weight from 2.160 to 3.232 kg (4.762 to 7.125 lb).
Largest individual recorded stood four meters (13.1 feet) to the shoulder and weighs 10 tonnes (10 long tons, 11 short tons).

Elephants have four molars, each weighing about 5 kg (11 lb) and measure about 30 cm (12 in) long. As the front pair wear down and point out the cuts, the couple returned to shift forward and two new molars emerge in the back of the mouth. Elephants replace teeth six times. At around 40 to 60 years, the elephant no longer has teeth and will likely die of starvation, a common cause of death.

Their canine teeth of the company, the second set of incisors become ivory. They used to dig roots and stripping bark from trees for food, for fighting each other during mating season, and to defend themselves against predators. Ivory weight 23-45 kg (51-99 lb) and can be 1.5 to 2.4 m (5-8 ft) long. Unlike Asian elephants, both male African elephant and girls have fangs. They are curved forward and continue to grow throughout the elephant's life. Molar enamel accent a little more volume than Asian elephants.

1 comment:

  1. Nice pictures, especially the man standing next to the elephant. I still can't believe stupid and uneducated people are killing this beautiful animal simply for his tusks. There is no need to imprisoned these imbeciles, just remove all their teeth just like they did to the elephants.