Chameleons belong to the family Chamaeleonidae which are a family in the other squamata. They are the types of lizards and, like all lizards, they are reptiles. Chameleon word comes from the Latin word chameleo. Chameleo in turn is the Latin version of the ancient Greek word χαμαιλέων (khamaileon). Said χαμαιλέων (khamaileon) consists of two parts: χαμαί (khamai) which means the earth / land and λέων (leon) which means lion. Chameleon is in other words means lion or a lion in the land of the land.
Chameleon is easy to identify on their parrots such as foot, eye stereoscopic them (independent of each other), the tongue is long, runs their characteristics and peak or horn found in the head. Run their characteristics consist of forward and backward sway when they want to get a place. Some theorize that this is to better imitate the vegetation they live in
There are about 160 different species of chameleon know. Their natural habitat stretches from Africa and Southern Europe (Spain and Portugal) for East Asia, including Sri Lanka. Most of the species found in Africa, including the island of Madagascar. Today they can be found in other places such as Hawaii and Florida in the United States after being introduced by humans. Chameleon occupy many different environments ranging from tropical rainforests to deserts.
Chameleon species in the world is Furcifer oustaleti. Male chameleon Furcifer oustaleti can grow to be 68.5 cm (27 inches) in length. The world's smallest chameleon species is minimal Brookesia that grows to 3.4 centimeters sheer (1.3 inches).
Most of the chameleon preying insects but some species will also be hunting the biggest bird and lizard. Chameleon eating a small amount of vegetables as part of their food. Chameleon has a high vitamin requirements necessary to complete their diet with vitamins during their care in captivity.
Most of the chameleon lay eggs but some species give birth to live young after 5-6 months of pregnancy. Nesting species lay eggs in a hole in the ground after a period of 3-6 weeks of pregnancy. The holes in the soil have different depths in different species. Once the female has deposited all her eggs, cover the hole. The eggs are very different between different species. Several small species only lay 2-4 eggs, while other species can store up to one hundred eggs. The incubation of different species also vary dramatically and can be anything from 4 and 24 months. Most of the species incubate for 4-12 months.
Is known for his chameleon can change color, but this is a capability that only owned a few chameleon. They can mimic colors including pink most popular myth which claims that they can not be turned into. The chameleon with the ability not only to change their color to hide themselves, but also to attract a female and communicating with another chameleon.
Chameleon get their ability to change the color of a specific type of cell called low kromatofora placed in a transparent outer skin and the skin. Cells in the outer layer is called xanthophores and erythrophores. This layer has a yellow and red. Below is a layer of cells called iridophores or guanophores, contain guanine crystals collar substances. This layer is used to describe several colors including blue. Layer under a layer of dark melanin containing mellianophoripeidess. The colors chosen to reflect the first two layers of determining the overall coloration of animals. If it reflects blue and yellow chameleon appears green. The third layer to decide how dark the color.