Sunday, July 29, 2012

Bull Shark

Bull Shark is  massive sharks that can reach 3.5 meters long and weighing more than 315 kg. The female usually larger than males. The body is compact with a short nose and wide which gives a rather dull appearance. Eyes are very small and without ridge interdorsal body. Characteristics of first dorsal fin is large and has a triangular shape. It is usually 3.2 times higher second dorsal fin. Sports bull shark on the gray color and white belly. Fins have dark tips are especially seen in young sharks. Bull shark teeth on the triangle and toothed. Banteng shark oldest was 32 years old.

Bull sharks, Carcharhinus leucas, known by the name, including the Shark River, Estuary Whaler, Freshwater Whaler, Swan River Whaler, Ground shark, Slipway Grey, Zambezi and Shovelnose. There are only six known species of sharks in the world could live in both salt and fresh water: Borneo river shark (sp Glyphis B.), the Irrawaddy river shark (Glyphis siamensis), New Guinea river shark (C. sp Glyphis), shark Ganga (Glyphis gangeticus), shark Speartooth (Glyphis glyphis) and Bull sharks (Carcharhinus leucas). Bull sharks are the most common of the six species and is found in various parts of the world.

In the West Atlantic, you can find Bull sharks off the coast of Massachusetts, United States and south to Brazil. In the East side of the Atlantic Bull shark off the coast live Morocco and from Senegal to Angola. Bull sharks are also found in the Indo-West Pacific region where it occupied the territory of Kenya and South Africa to India, and farther to the waters around Australia and Vietnam. At the West side of South America-North and Bull shark life from southern Baja California in Mexico and Ecuador. Bull shark may also have been seen off the coast of Peru, but this is still not confirmed.

Bull sharks prefer to live near the coast and live in shallow waters such as bays and estuaries. To be able to survive in fresh water it will often swim rivers and streams, and even in the lake. Bookmark and especially young sharks found fresh water and is sometimes found hundreds of kilometers from the sea in rivers and streams. Sharks, Bull sharks prefer adult district where freshwater rivers flow into the sea, such as river deltas and estuaries. Silver sharks rarely dive deeper than 30 m and are usually found in shallow waters where many only a few meters depth. This preference for shallow waters very close to the coastline and the bay silence means that Bull sharks must share their habitat with humans in much of the world. This is also why the Bull shark is considered one of the most dangerous shark species and has been involved in a series of attacks on humans. Bull sharks must always approach with caution, and preferably not exposed and bothered at all if possible. Reputation as devil man eating animals but really not qualified.

Bull shark hunt alone and feed primarily on bony fishes and other sharks. Sandbar sharks are very popular small, but the Bull sharks are opportunistic and will eat various foods, including rays, sea turtles, carcasses of mammals, mantis shrimp, squid, crab, sea urchin, sea snails and even garbage.

A Bull shark will reach sexual maturity when it is between 8 and 10 years. Bull shark reproduction method is vivipar. Fertilized eggs in females and developing Banteng shark in itself, receive nutrients from the yolk-sac placenta. After a pregnancy of around 10 or 11 months she gave birth to live puppies. During courtship, the male embracing the female and female sharks Banteng because it will always have scars on their bodies courtship. Male bull sharks are almost always without fighting scars. One litter usually consists of 1-13 small fish and young Bull shark is usually about 60 cm at birth. Delivery time depends on the habitat female Bull shark. For example,female Bull sharks live from Nicaragua can give birth year rotation, with the number of births peaked in spring and early summer. Bookmark and women who live sharks off the coast of South Africa on the other side will only give birth in late spring or early summer. The same is true for women Bull sharks living in the western North Atlantic off Florida or the Gulf of Mexico. The minimum population doubling time for Bull sharks more than 14 years.

Bull sharks are strong fish that can be successfully kept in captivity and is often found in public aquariums. It is also to be hunted by humans. Meat is eaten fresh, frozen or smoke, while the fins are popular in shark fin soup. Other parts of the Bull shark also used, such as skin turned into leather, liver oil and appreciated for remaining carcass commonly used to produce fish meal. It is also often caught in the fishing industry without a real target species. Bull shark is particularly vulnerable to human impacts because they want to stay near the ground and share the same habitat as we are. Average size Bull shark caught by the House of  Natal Sharks have fallen and there are some concerns about the status of the Bull shark, but only considered lower risk - near threatened by CITES, the Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora Malformed. Bull sharks, but are included in the IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. (IUCN today changed the name of "International Union for Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources" for "the World Conservation Union," but the acronym is used to IUCN red list.)

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